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2022 Volume 13 Issue 2

The Effect of Coffee Consumption on Blood Glucose Levels


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Abstract

Coffee is one of the greatest widely and frequently drunk beverages globally. Epidemiological trends suggest that consumption is progressively rising due to the emergence of research indicating its varied health benefits and greater awareness of such information among laypersons. This literature review aimed to explore the relationship between coffee and health and disease, particularly whether consumption can improve blood glucose metabolism and the risk or control of diabetes mellitus. A systematic search for evidence was performed using the databases of MEDLINE and Web of Science in March 2021 using key search terms. Evidence deemed pertinent to the review was considered for inclusion. Overall, most studies found that coffee consumption with caffeine doses approaching 400 mg per day positively affected blood glucose metabolism via varied insulin-dependent and insulin-independent mechanisms. In turn, studies showed that habitual and more frequent intake of cups per day (4-6) significantly lowered the risk of type 2 diabetes than lower or absent intake. Notably, the evidence also revealed that the intake of decaffeinated coffee resulted in comparable effects on blood glucose handling, which suggests that the favorable metabolic effects of coffee are not entirely attributed to caffeine but also chemicals and minerals within coffee beans. Finally, coffee consumption with caffeine doses <400mg or <2.5mg/kg was found to be safe for children, adults, and pregnant women, with other evidence showing that adverse effects and toxicity tend to only occur with doses exceeding 2-5g caffeine.


How to cite this article
Vancouver
BaSalamah M, AlMghamsi R, AlTowairqi A, Fouda K, Mahrous A, Mujahid M, et al. The Effect of Coffee Consumption on Blood Glucose Levels. J Biochem Technol. 2022;13(2):64-9. https://doi.org/10.51847/VOLNuKyp3c
APA
BaSalamah, M., AlMghamsi, R., AlTowairqi, A., Fouda, K., Mahrous, A., Mujahid, M., Sindi, H., & Aldairi, A. (2022). The Effect of Coffee Consumption on Blood Glucose Levels. Journal of Biochemical Technology, 13(2), 64-69. https://doi.org/10.51847/VOLNuKyp3c
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JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
Journal of Biochemical Technology is a double-blind peer reviewed International Journal published by the Deniz Publication on behalf of the Biochemical Technology Society, a Registered Charity Organization from India

AREA OF INTEREST
AREA OF INTEREST
new advances in enzymatic and protein mechanims; applied molecular genetics and biotechnology; genomics and proteomics; metabolic; medical, environmental, food and agro biotechnology.

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FOCUS AND SCOPE
Journal Of Biochemical Technology Provides A Medium For The Rapid Publication Of Full-Length Articles, Mini-Reviews Of New And Emerging Products And Short Communications On All Aspects Of ...

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This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. Keywords include, Biochemical Research: Endo/exocytosis, Trafficking, Membrane Biology, Cell Migration, Cell-Matrix Organelle Biogenesis, Cytoskeleton Proteolysis, Cell Death, Cell Cycle, Cancer, Cell Growth/Death, Differentiation, Drug Targets, Gene Therapy, Models of Disease, Proteomics, Stem Cells, Bioenergetics, Mitochondria, Free Radicals, Redox Signaling, Ion Transport/Channels, Oxidative