Aromatic compounds are a large group of organic compounds that differ from aliphatic compounds with their cyclic molecular structure and different properties. Many ingredients in this group are called "aromatic" because they have a pleasant smell. Aromatic compounds and their derivatives are used in many areas of industry, especially in the pharmaceutical industry. Aromatic substances have a very important place not only in pharmaceutical product but also in many industrial areas such as cosmetics, dyes, textiles, pharmaceuticals, agriculture, cosmetics, perfumery, preservatives, sweeteners. With our study, we examined the properties, history, source, and place of aromatic substances in the pharmaceutical industry and wanted to draw attention to the awareness of the privilege of aromatic substances for the pharmaceutical industry. Drugs are classified according to their pharmacological properties as analgesics, antibiotics, antihistamines, antiallergics, antipyretics, anti inflammatories, analeptics, anesthetics, and antidepressants. It is seen that drugs containing aromatic structures have one or more of these classes. We believe that the design of new and original aromatic drugs will carry the pharmaceutical industry to a higher level.