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2020 Volume 11 Issue 2

Conjunctivitis, an Overview on Differentials, Etiologies and Management Approach


Raed A. Alshehri, Asma F. Alghamdi, Ayman M. Aboalam, Dania G. M.Felemban, Salihah Y.Al-Mani, Rahaf K. Alzaharni, Yaqoub Y. A. Alkhallafi, Aziza G. Badawi, Alshammari M. Nashi O., Abdulaziz M. Hamdi, Basmah M. Arjan
Abstract

Background: Conjunctivitis is a common eye presentation in practice, that can be caused by multiple etiologies that include viruses, bacteria, and allergies. The presentation is composed of conjunctival injection along with itchiness and discharge, among other symptoms. The slight differences between each etiological factor can lead the way to set a satisfactory management plan. Clinical experience is required in dealing with conjunctivitis as it is usually presented in a primary health clinic, thus knowing the red flags is important. Objectives: We aimed to review the literature looking for etiology of conjunctivitis, risk factors, clinical presentation, diagnosis, management, and possible complications of this disease. Methodology: PubMed database was used for article selection, gathered papers had undergone a thorough review. Conclusion: Conjunctivitis cases must be dealt with with extreme delicacy; as the history and physical examination are the key for appropriate diagnosis rather than laboratory and radiological testing. A holistic approach to treating the patient is the essence of a fruitful management plan. Moreover, patient education along with pharmacological treatment is the optimal solution. The prognosis of conjunctivitis is usually good and adverse complications, almost, limited to neglected cases.


How to cite this article
Alshehri R A, Alghamdi A F, Aboalam A M, MFelemban D G, YAl-Mani S, Alzaharni R K et al. Conjunctivitis, an Overview on Differentials, Etiologies and Management Approach. J Biochem Technol 2020;11(2):135-9
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JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
Journal of Biochemical Technology is a peer reviewed International Journal published by the Sevas Publishing on behalf of the Biochemical Technology Society, a Registered Charity Organization from India

AREA OF INTEREST
AREA OF INTEREST
Areas of high interest, cover new advances in enzymatic and protein mechanims; applied molecular genetics and biotechnology; genomics and proteomics; metabolic; medical, environmental, food and agro biotechnology.

FOCUS AND SCOPE
FOCUS AND SCOPE
Journal Of Biochemical Technology” Provides A Medium For The Rapid Publication Of Full-Length Articles, Mini-Reviews Of New And Emerging Products And Short Communications On All Aspects Of ...

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This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. Keywords include, Biochemical Research: Endo/exocytosis, Trafficking, Membrane Biology, Cell Migration, Cell-Matrix Organelle Biogenesis, Cytoskeleton Proteolysis, Cell Death, Cell Cycle, Cancer, Cell Growth/Death, Differentiation, Drug Targets, Gene Therapy, Models of Disease, Proteomics, Stem Cells, Bioenergetics, Mitochondria, Free Radicals, Redox Signaling, Ion Transport/Channels, Oxidative