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2021 Volume 12 Issue 1

Utilization of Waste Chicken Eggshell as Heterogeneous CaO Nanoparticle for Biodiesel Production


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Abstract

Calcium oxide (CaO) is a widely used solid catalyst for biodiesel production due to its cheap and easy availability. Chicken eggshell, which is otherwise a waste, is a valuable source material of CaO which can be utilized as an environment-friendly catalyst for biodiesel production. The present research work deals with the preparation and characterization of CaO nanoparticles from the waste chicken eggshell. The performance of CaO nanocatalyst was tested for its catalytic activity via transesterification of jatropha oil into biodiesel. To get a better biodiesel yield, different physicochemical parameters affecting the transesterification process such as methanol to oil molar ratio, catalyst loading, reaction temperature, reaction time, and agitation speed were optimized. The recorded optimum conditions were found to be 9:1 methanol to oil molar ratio with 5% catalyst loading, at a reaction temperature of 65°C, 3 h of reaction time, and 240 rpm. The maximum biodiesel yield obtained under these optimum conditions was 80.64%. The key fuel properties such as kinematic viscosity (5.2 mm2/s), flash point (99°C), calorific value (40.3 MJ/Kg) and density (0.86 g/cm3) resulted in good quality of biodiesel. The results obtained showed good fuel properties in the range as prescribed by ASTM for diesel.


How to cite this article
Vancouver
Gaurav K, Kumari S, Dutta J. Utilization of Waste Chicken Eggshell as Heterogeneous CaO Nanoparticle for Biodiesel Production. J Biochem Technol. 2021;12(1):49-57. https://doi.org/10.51847/eqTib7hM7Z
APA
Gaurav, K., Kumari, S., & Dutta, J. (2021). Utilization of Waste Chicken Eggshell as Heterogeneous CaO Nanoparticle for Biodiesel Production. Journal of Biochemical Technology, 12(1), 49-57. https://doi.org/10.51847/eqTib7hM7Z
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JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
Journal of Biochemical Technology is a double-blind peer reviewed International Journal published by the Sevas Publishing on behalf of the Biochemical Technology Society, a Registered Charity Organization from India

AREA OF INTEREST
AREA OF INTEREST
new advances in enzymatic and protein mechanims; applied molecular genetics and biotechnology; genomics and proteomics; metabolic; medical, environmental, food and agro biotechnology.

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FOCUS AND SCOPE
Journal Of Biochemical Technology Provides A Medium For The Rapid Publication Of Full-Length Articles, Mini-Reviews Of New And Emerging Products And Short Communications On All Aspects Of ...

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This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. Keywords include, Biochemical Research: Endo/exocytosis, Trafficking, Membrane Biology, Cell Migration, Cell-Matrix Organelle Biogenesis, Cytoskeleton Proteolysis, Cell Death, Cell Cycle, Cancer, Cell Growth/Death, Differentiation, Drug Targets, Gene Therapy, Models of Disease, Proteomics, Stem Cells, Bioenergetics, Mitochondria, Free Radicals, Redox Signaling, Ion Transport/Channels, Oxidative