The K.A. Timiryazev State Biology Museum has passed a hundred-year historical path. Its history is largely a reflection of Russia`s biological development in the twentieth century. Therefore, the museum`s main tasks are a complete and holistic view of biology as a science of life in all its manifestations; the dominance of the human worldview, which makes it possible to reveal and generalize the most important ideas in biology; highly scientific standards of excursions and lectures, combined with the maximum clarity of the material presented; conducting experimental research by the museum staff with the participation of visitors; demonstration of the main issues in the most important biology areas; obtaining a broad biological education with a focus on the younger generation. In this regard, the Biology Museum functions as a scientific, educational, artistic, and aesthetic center. It can serve as an example of how closely science, culture, and education issues are intertwined in the museum`s activities.