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2021 Volume 12 Issue 1

The Physiological Response of the Body to Low Temperatures


Vladimir Yurevich Karpov, Svetlana Yuryevna Zavalishina, Elena Dmitrievna Bakulina, Alexander Viktorovich Dorontsev, Alexey Vitalievich Gusev, Tatyana Yurevich Fedorova, Valentina Arkadyevna Okolelova
Abstract

For residents of all northern countries, a great biological hazard is the cold, which negatively affects all the functions of the body. Fatal outcomes when exposed to the cold are very often associated with alcohol consumption. At the same time, the number of survivors, but those who become disabled due to supercooling, seriously exceeds the number of dead. In the case of progressive hypothermia in the human body, a number of negative reactions occur, leading to a drop in temperature, depletion of physical reserves of the heart, liver, muscles, breathing and heartbeat, reduce the tone of vessels and reduce the blood flow rate. All this leads to stasis of blood, oxygen starvation of tissues due to the excessive connection of oxygen with hemoglobin. Under the influence of cold, frostbite most often occurs, manifested by reactive inflammation and necrosis. The main cause is the cooling of the body surface and the thermoregulation disruption. In the course of the emerging necrosis, the role of tissue edema is great.  In addition, with the influence of cold, the vessel spasms develop, the bloodstream slows down and the tissue ischemia is growing.  Physical rehabilitation after the action of the cold should be carried out very actively. Its success is associated with the complexity and perseverance of the use of therapeutic physical culture, massage, and various physiotherapy.


How to cite this article
Vancouver
Karpov V Y, Zavalishina S Y, Bakulina E D, Dorontsev A V, Gusev A V, Fedorova T Y, et al. The Physiological Response of the Body to Low Temperatures. J Biochem Technol. 2021;12(1):27-31. https://doi.org/10.51847/m1aah69aPr
APA
Karpov, V. Y., Zavalishina, S. Y., Bakulina, E. D., Dorontsev, A. V., Gusev, A. V., Fedorova, T. Y., & et al (2021). The Physiological Response of the Body to Low Temperatures. Journal Of Biochemical Technology, 12(1),27-31. https://doi.org/10.51847/m1aah69aPr
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JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
Journal of Biochemical Technology is a peer reviewed International Journal published by the Sevas Publishing on behalf of the Biochemical Technology Society, a Registered Charity Organization from India

AREA OF INTEREST
AREA OF INTEREST
Areas of high interest, cover new advances in enzymatic and protein mechanims; applied molecular genetics and biotechnology; genomics and proteomics; metabolic; medical, environmental, food and agro biotechnology.

FOCUS AND SCOPE
FOCUS AND SCOPE
Journal Of Biochemical Technology” Provides A Medium For The Rapid Publication Of Full-Length Articles, Mini-Reviews Of New And Emerging Products And Short Communications On All Aspects Of ...

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This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. Keywords include, Biochemical Research: Endo/exocytosis, Trafficking, Membrane Biology, Cell Migration, Cell-Matrix Organelle Biogenesis, Cytoskeleton Proteolysis, Cell Death, Cell Cycle, Cancer, Cell Growth/Death, Differentiation, Drug Targets, Gene Therapy, Models of Disease, Proteomics, Stem Cells, Bioenergetics, Mitochondria, Free Radicals, Redox Signaling, Ion Transport/Channels, Oxidative