The high level of development of modern medicine cannot reduce the growing prevalence of various types of pathologies and injuries in people of different ages. Recently, a fracture of the lower jaw is often found among student youth. In this regard, the issue of improving the rehabilitation of young people with this type of injury is relevant. The importance of this problem is associated with the high frequency of such an injury and the increase in the number of complications developing against its background in the head and neck region. Despite the efforts of medicine, these patients still have a high risk of developing persistent jaw dysfunction and the danger of maintaining a "cosmetic defect" throughout their lives. Regular physical education should be of great importance in the development of rehabilitation options for a fracture of the lower jaw. It provides a good healing effect, especially when combined with several physiotherapeutic and psychotherapeutic effects. However, there is still a need to accelerate the rehabilitation process and increase its effectiveness after a fracture of the lower jaw, which requires the search for new directions for further scientific research on this issue.