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2018 Volume 9 Issue 1

Microbial Desalination Cells: Progress and Impacts


F.A. Alseroury
Abstract
Microbial desalination cells (MDCs) have attained substantial importance in the recent years. The high energy consumption and environmental impacts of present desalination process has put mounts pressure to search for alternative desalination techniques. In search for sustainable and low cost desalination alternatives, microbial desalination at present has been known as self-sustaining (in terms of energy) and low cost process. Additionally, MDCs provide a dual benefit of waste treatment in line with power production. Numerous studies have reported advancements in MDCs that could potentially increase the efficiency of process. This present review mainly highlighted the various configurations of MDCs that could give possible large scale deployment of this technique. Additionally, the underlying limitations that affect the cell performance have also been critically discussed. The possible environmental impacts such as the release of unidentified microbes, the accidental leakage of high COD water, and fouling of membranes etc. have been identified as important factors to achieve environmental sustainability through the desalination process. Further, the authors identified a dire need to conduct LCA of different cells to identify the possible impacts of the preparatory phase of MDCs. Most of the research on MDCs indicated that it is virtually a self-sustaining process in terms of energy supply, thus the actual amount of output energy was also identified as a missing fact in most of the research studies. This review specifically covered the significance of research carried out on the current progress towards the commercialization of MDCs with possible environmental impacts.

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JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
Journal of Biochemical Technology is a double-blind peer reviewed International Journal published by the Sevas Publishing on behalf of the Biochemical Technology Society, a Registered Charity Organization from India

AREA OF INTEREST
AREA OF INTEREST
new advances in enzymatic and protein mechanims; applied molecular genetics and biotechnology; genomics and proteomics; metabolic; medical, environmental, food and agro biotechnology.

FOCUS AND SCOPE
FOCUS AND SCOPE
Journal Of Biochemical Technology Provides A Medium For The Rapid Publication Of Full-Length Articles, Mini-Reviews Of New And Emerging Products And Short Communications On All Aspects Of ...

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This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. Keywords include, Biochemical Research: Endo/exocytosis, Trafficking, Membrane Biology, Cell Migration, Cell-Matrix Organelle Biogenesis, Cytoskeleton Proteolysis, Cell Death, Cell Cycle, Cancer, Cell Growth/Death, Differentiation, Drug Targets, Gene Therapy, Models of Disease, Proteomics, Stem Cells, Bioenergetics, Mitochondria, Free Radicals, Redox Signaling, Ion Transport/Channels, Oxidative