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2021 Volume 12 Issue 3

Behavioral Peculiarities of the Equidae Family in the Conditions of the Moscow Zoo Stud Farm


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Abstract

For a comparative analysis of the behavior of wild and domestic equids (Perissodactyla) of the equine (Equidae) family in the stud farm of the Moscow Zoo, the ratios of different forms of behavior in the following species have been studied: the domestic horse (Equus caballus), Przewalski's horse (Equus Przewalskii), kiang (Equus kiang) and an ethological assessment of the level of animal welfare is given. It was found that in the behavioral repertoires of Przewalski's horses and domestic horses there was a significant similarity in the duration of such forms of active behavior as food and water intake, auto-grooming, allogrooming, urination, and defecation. However, Przewalski's horses showed higher physical activity, moving around the enclosure and exploring the environment, by 10% and 2%, respectively, and also showed aggression much less frequently. It was found that the absence of a male in the group of domestic horses increased the frequency of aggression by 1.8 times as compared with the group of Przewalski's horses. The ratio of behavioral patterns in kiang horses has a different structure, except for such metabolic manifestations as water intake and urination. Representatives of this species spent 1.4 times less time on food intake, while simultaneously increasing the time for defecation by 1.8 times, showed low motor activity, exploratory activity, and a high level of aggression, and also spent more time on allogrooming. The noted features in the behavior of the kiangs indicate the stressful state of animals, and, as a consequence, the low level of their welfare.


How to cite this article
Vancouver
Ksenofontova AA, Voinova OA, Ivanov AA, Ksenofontov DA, Savchuk SV, Sakovtseva TV, et al. Behavioral Peculiarities of the Equidae Family in the Conditions of the Moscow Zoo Stud Farm. J Biochem Technol. 2021;12(3):67-73. https://doi.org/10.51847/OoG0G3CI88
APA
Ksenofontova, A. A., Voinova, O. A., Ivanov, A. A., Ksenofontov, D. A., Savchuk, S. V., Sakovtseva, T. V., & Kubatbekov, T. S. (2021). Behavioral Peculiarities of the Equidae Family in the Conditions of the Moscow Zoo Stud Farm. Journal of Biochemical Technology, 12(3), 67-73. https://doi.org/10.51847/OoG0G3CI88
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JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
Journal of Biochemical Technology is a double-blind peer reviewed International Journal published by the Deniz Publication on behalf of the Biochemical Technology Society, a Registered Charity Organization from India

AREA OF INTEREST
AREA OF INTEREST
new advances in enzymatic and protein mechanims; applied molecular genetics and biotechnology; genomics and proteomics; metabolic; medical, environmental, food and agro biotechnology.

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FOCUS AND SCOPE
Journal of Biochemical Technology provides a publication on all aspects of biochemistry, biotechnology & bioinformatics and applications in biology and medicine. Areas of high interest cover new advances in enzymatic and protein mechanisms; applied molecular genetics and biotechnology; computational biology, genomics and proteomics; metabolic & tissue engineering; medical, environmental, Pharmacy and pharmaceutical chemistry, food and agro-biotechnology.

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