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2023 Volume 14 Issue 3

Antibiotics Coupled with Photothermal Therapy for the Enhanced Killing of Bacteria


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Abstract

In this study, the application of ionic materials as a combination antibiotic drug was investigated. The fluoroquinolone, Norfloxacin, was converted into the ionic form and combined with the cationic dye, IR780+, using an ion-exchange reaction. The resulting ionic combination drug possesses two killing mechanisms in one compound. The antibiotic chemical mechanism along with the photothermal mechanism that was acquired by adding IR780 to the compound led to the development of a combination antibiotic drug. This ionic combination drug consisting of Norfloxacin anion and IR780 cation is easily dispersed in water using sonication waves. The parent compounds and ionic combination drug, dissolved in organic solvent and dispersed in water, were characterized, and the photophysical properties were studied in detail. It was discovered that the aqueous ionic combination drugs exhibited significant changes in absorbance and photoluminescent properties. In aqueous media, the dispersed ionic combination drug exhibited a very broad absorbance with an additional peak around 1000 nm which is advantageous in photothermal. A significant decrease in the quantum yield along with enhanced non-radiative rate constant was observed for the combination drug in the aqueous. The photothermal mechanism is present in both the parent IR780 dye and the ionic combination drug. The ionic combination drug displayed a high light-to-heat conversion efficiency and temperature increase similar to the parent dye. The combination of both killing mechanisms in the ionic combination drug resulted in enhanced antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli as compared to the parent Norfloxacin and IR780-I individually.


How to cite this article
Vancouver
Jalihal A, Mortazi A, Forson M, Bashiru M, Le T, Oyebade A, et al. Antibiotics Coupled with Photothermal Therapy for the Enhanced Killing of Bacteria. J Biochem Technol. 2023;14(3):50-8. https://doi.org/10.51847/npLVOycg9U
APA
Jalihal, A., Mortazi, A., Forson, M., Bashiru, M., Le, T., Oyebade, A., & Siraj, N. (2023). Antibiotics Coupled with Photothermal Therapy for the Enhanced Killing of Bacteria. Journal of Biochemical Technology, 14(3), 50-58. https://doi.org/10.51847/npLVOycg9U
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JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
Journal of Biochemical Technology is a double-blind peer reviewed International Journal published by the Sevas Publishing on behalf of the Biochemical Technology Society, a Registered Charity Organization from India

AREA OF INTEREST
AREA OF INTEREST
new advances in enzymatic and protein mechanims; applied molecular genetics and biotechnology; genomics and proteomics; metabolic; medical, environmental, food and agro biotechnology.

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FOCUS AND SCOPE
Journal Of Biochemical Technology Provides A Medium For The Rapid Publication Of Full-Length Articles, Mini-Reviews Of New And Emerging Products And Short Communications On All Aspects Of ...

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This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. Keywords include, Biochemical Research: Endo/exocytosis, Trafficking, Membrane Biology, Cell Migration, Cell-Matrix Organelle Biogenesis, Cytoskeleton Proteolysis, Cell Death, Cell Cycle, Cancer, Cell Growth/Death, Differentiation, Drug Targets, Gene Therapy, Models of Disease, Proteomics, Stem Cells, Bioenergetics, Mitochondria, Free Radicals, Redox Signaling, Ion Transport/Channels, Oxidative