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2020 Volume 11 Issue 2

Nutritive Value of Sponge Cake and Pancakes Fortified with Bioactive Compounds and Antioxidant of Pumpkin Flour


Eman Hassan Ahmed Algarni
Abstract

Bioactive compounds are important to be worthy of attention to human nutrition and useful to health also as they prevent the process of developing of more diseases. Therefore the aim of this study to evaluate the pumpkin flour and its blends as sponge cake and pancake were separately prepared at different levels 5.0, 10.0, 15.0, and 20%, respectively, compared with the control sponge cake and pancake made from wheat flour 72% extraction. The results indicated that the pumpkin flour had contained the highest in total carotenoids, crude fiber,  ash, minerals, and dietary fiber meanwhile, wheat flour 72% extraction was the highest in total protein 14.12% followed by the different blends. Total phenolic in different blends at levels from 5.0 up to 20.0% were ranged from7.50 to 16.18 mg GAE/g and also, the antioxidant activity was increasing from 69.24 to 81.59% in DPPH and 45.38 to 80.61% in ABTS, at levels different blends from 5.0 to 20.0%, respectively. The sensory acceptability resultant showed that in the different blends cake was 94.99, 92.56, 90.13, and 87.28%, respectively.Color values of L*, a*, and b* were significantly the highest in pumpkin flour color L* value (58.02), a* value (9.08) found elevate redness, also yellowness (b* value) was increased. Thus, pumpkin flour would improve the color of bakery products and, acceptance of the products to consumers. The sponge cakes have shown that the cake level at 15 and 20% were effectively inhibited to increase in peroxide value for four weeks period, also, the same effect of acid value and the ATB was paralleled the results. It could be recommended that the addition of pumpkin powder at levels 5, 10, 15 and 20% were improved acceptability and quality attributes of both cakes as well as extend the self-life due to the presence of a natural antioxidant, carotenoids, and phenolic compounds.


How to cite this article
Algarni E H A. Nutritive Value of Sponge Cake and Pancakes Fortified with Bioactive Compounds and Antioxidant of Pumpkin Flour. J Biochem Technol 2020;11(2):24-30
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J BIOCHEM TECH
J BIOCHEM TECH
Journal of Biochemical Technology is a peer reviewed International Journal published by the Sevas Publishing on behalf of the Biochemical Technology Society, a Registered Charity Organization from India

AREA OF INTEREST
AREA OF INTEREST
Areas of high interest, cover new advances in enzymatic and protein mechanims; applied molecular genetics and biotechnology; genomics and proteomics; metabolic; medical, environmental, food and agro biotechnology.

FOCUS AND SCOPE
FOCUS AND SCOPE
Journal Of Biochemical Technology” Provides A Medium For The Rapid Publication Of Full-Length Articles, Mini-Reviews Of New And Emerging Products And Short Communications On All Aspects Of ...

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This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. Keywords include, Biochemical Research: Endo/exocytosis, Trafficking, Membrane Biology, Cell Migration, Cell-Matrix Organelle Biogenesis, Cytoskeleton Proteolysis, Cell Death, Cell Cycle, Cancer, Cell Growth/Death, Differentiation, Drug Targets, Gene Therapy, Models of Disease, Proteomics, Stem Cells, Bioenergetics, Mitochondria, Free Radicals, Redox Signaling, Ion Transport/Channels, Oxidative