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2016 Volume 7 Issue 3

Biodiesel production from local mixed algal culture of Rourkela, Odisha.


Namrata Kumari, Raghubansh Kumar Singh
Abstract
Algae biomass could be possible valuable resources towards the relief from upcoming petroleum indigence. The local algal diversity was exploited in order to find suitability for extraction of biofuel. In this study, locally available biomass was successfully cultured in the outdoor bioreactor and the effects of various common lipid extraction methods were quantified on the basis of gravimetric estimation. Finally, FAME was studied qualitatively by Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, to check their suitability for biodiesel standards. Obtained results conform that among considered population predominant species were found to be Chlorella, Anabaena, Euglena, Oocystis and Sphaerocystis. Combination of dried algal biomass with the Folch’s method yields >27% lipid which is comparatively higher than the traditional Soxhlet methodology i.e. 15%. More than 50 % of total fatty acids consists of carbon 18 acids i.e. linolenic acid (C18:3), linoleic acid (C18:2) and oleic acid (C18:1). The variety of comparatively short carbon chain fatty acids were also observed that was considered to give the best fuel properties. Therefore, this local algal mixed diversity was found to be suitable for biofuel as well as various other fatty acids production.

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J BIOCHEM TECH
J BIOCHEM TECH
Journal of Biochemical Technology is a peer reviewed International Journal published by the Sevas Publishing on behalf of the Biochemical Technology Society, a Registered Charity Organization from India

AREA OF INTEREST
AREA OF INTEREST
Areas of high interest, cover new advances in enzymatic and protein mechanims; applied molecular genetics and biotechnology; genomics and proteomics; metabolic; medical, environmental, food and agro biotechnology.

FOCUS AND SCOPE
FOCUS AND SCOPE
Journal Of Biochemical Technology” Provides A Medium For The Rapid Publication Of Full-Length Articles, Mini-Reviews Of New And Emerging Products And Short Communications On All Aspects Of ...

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This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. Keywords include, Biochemical Research: Endo/exocytosis, Trafficking, Membrane Biology, Cell Migration, Cell-Matrix Organelle Biogenesis, Cytoskeleton Proteolysis, Cell Death, Cell Cycle, Cancer, Cell Growth/Death, Differentiation, Drug Targets, Gene Therapy, Models of Disease, Proteomics, Stem Cells, Bioenergetics, Mitochondria, Free Radicals, Redox Signaling, Ion Transport/Channels, Oxidative