The genetic potential of the strawberry selections/cultivars grown in the Russian Federation in enormous. The State Register of Breeding Achievements lists 106 varieties of garden strawberry approved for use, only 17 of them are patented. Eighty-eight of the listed varieties are of Russian origin and only 18 – foreign-bred. About 26 % (23 varieties out of 88) have been bred in the All-Russian Horticultural Institute for Breeding, Agrotechnology, and Nursery. The varieties have different berry ripening times that allow increasing their fresh produce consumption period. The Al'fa, Slavutich, Vityaz', Lyubava and Bereginya selections are very perspective not only in terms of their commensal growing but also in terms of their further selection. To study the berries’ biochemical composition and successfully conduct the breeding process using the pollen-free of harmful viruses, a network of field repositories has to be set up in the Russian Federation.